ENACTMENT NO. 2 OF 2003
ISLAMIC FAMILY LAW (STATE OF SELANGOR) ENACTMENT 2003
Section 2. Interpretation.
(1) In this Enactment, unless the context otherwise requires—
“anak dara” means a woman who has not had sexual intercourse, whether she has been married or not;
“baligh” means the age of puberty in accordance with Hukum Syarak;
“widow” means a woman whose husband has died;
“resident” means permanently living or ordinarily residing in a particular area;
“darar syarie” means harm, according to what is normally recognized by Hukum Syarak, affecting a wife in respect of religion, life, body, mind, dignity, or property;
“widower” means a man whose wife has died;
“Administration Enactment” means the Administration of the Religion of Islam (State of Selangor) Enactment 2003;
“fasakh” means the annulment of a marriage by reason of any circumstance permitted by Hukum Syarak in accordance with section 53;
“Syariah Appeal Court Judge” means a Syariah Appeal Court Judge appointed under subsection 57(1) of the Administration Enactment;
“Syarie Judge” or “Judge” means a Judge of the Syariah High Court or the Syariah Subordinate Court, as the case may be, appointed under subsection 58(1) or 59(1) of the Administration Enactment;
“harta sepencarian” means property jointly acquired by husband and wife during the subsistence of marriage in accordance with the conditions stipulated by Hukum Syarak;
“Hukum Syarak” means Islamic Law according to Mazhab Shafie or according to one of the Mazhab Maliki, Hanafi or Hanbali;
“iqrar” means an admission made by a person, in writing or orally or by gesture, stating that he is under an obligation or liability to another person in respect of some right;
“janda” means a woman who has been married and divorced after consummation of marriage;
“kariah masjid” in relation to a mosque, means the area the boundaries of which are determined under section 2 of the Administration Enactment;
“Chief Registrar” means a Chief Registrar of Muslim Marriages, Divorces and Ruju’ appointed under section 28;
“Chief Syarie Prosecutor” means the officer appointed under subsection 78(1) of the Administration Enactment;
“Court” means the Syariah Subordinate Court or the Syariah High Court, as the case may be, constituted under subsection 55(1) or 55(2) of the Administration Enactment;
“Syariah Appeal Court” means the Syariah Appeal Court constituted under subsection 55(3) of the Administration Enactment;
“Majlis” means the Majlis Agama Islam Selangor established under subsection 4(1) of the Administration Enactment;
“mas kahwin” means the obligatory marriage payment due under Hukum Syarak by the husband to the wife at the time the marriage is solemnized, whether in the form of money actually paid or acknowledged as a debt with or without security, or in the form of something that, according to Hukum Syarak, is capable of being valued in terms of money;
“mut’ah” means a consolatory gift that is reasonable according to Hukum Syarak, given to a divorced wife;
“nasab” means descent based on lawful blood relationship;
“State” includes the Federal Territories of Kuala Lumpur, Labuan and Putrajaya;
“Peguam Syarie” means a person who is admitted under section 80 of the Administration Enactment to be a Peguam Syarie;
“pemberian” means a gift whether in the form of money or things given by a husband to a wife at the time of the marriage;
“Registrar” means the Senior Registrar of Muslim Marriages, Divorces and Ruju’ appointed under section 28, and includes a Registrar and an Assistant Registrar;
“syubhah intercourse” means intercourse performed on erroneous impression that the marriage was valid when in fact the marriage was not valid (fasid) or intercourse by mistake and includes any intercourse not punishable by Had in Islam;
“ruju” means a return to the original marriage state;
“fosterage” means the suckling of a baby up to sufficiency by a woman who is not its natural mother for at least five times during the first two years of its life;
“ta’liq” means a promise expressed by the husband after the solemnization of marriage in accordance with Hukum Syarak and the provisions of this Enactment;
“illegitimate” in relation to a child, means born out of wedlock but not as a result of syubhah intercourse;
“appointed date” means the date appointed under section 1 for the coming into operation of this Enactment;
“thayyib” means a woman who has had sexual intercourse;
“wali Mujbir” means the father or paternal grandfather and above;
“wali Raja” means a wali authorized by His Royal Highness the Sultan of Selangor in the case of the State of Selangor, by Yang di-Pertuan Agong, in the case of the Federal Territories, Malacca, Penang, Sabah and Sarawak, or by the Rule in the case of any other State, to give away in marriage a woman who has no wali from nasab.
(2) All words an expressions used in this Enactment and not herein defined but defined in the Interpretation Acts 1948 and 1967 [Act 388] shall have the meanings assigned thereto to the extent that such meanings do not conflict with Hukum Syarak.
(3) For the avoidance of doubt as to the identity or interpretation of the words and expression used in this Enactment that are listed in the Schedule, reference may be made to the Arabic script for those words and expressions shown against them therein.
(4) His Royal Highness the Sultan may from time to time amend, delete from or add to the Schedule.
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