ISLAMIC FAMILY LAW (STATE OF PENANG)
PART VIII - MISCELLANEOUS
Section 115. Conditions for valid acknowledgment.
Where a man acknowledges another, either expressly or impliedly, as his lawful child, the paternity of the child shall be established in the man, if the following conditions are fulfilled, that is to say—
(a) the paternity of the child is not established in any one else;
(b) the ages of the man and the child are such that filial relationship is possible between them;
(c) where the child is of discreet age, the child has acquiesced in the acknowledgment;
(d) the man and mother of the child could have been lawfully joined in marriage at the time of conception;
(e) the acknowledgment is not merely that the child is his child, but that the child is his legitimate child;
(f) the man is competent to make a contract;
(g) the acknowledgment is with the distinct intention of conferring the status of legitimacy; or
(h) the acknowledgment is definite and the child is acknowledged to be the child of his body.
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